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Glaucoma Treatment Options: Everything to Know

Glaucoma is a common condition where pressure builds up in the eyeball and can lead to blindness. Sadly, a lot of people with glaucoma don’t realize they have it and so don’t seek treatment.

The good news is that most glaucoma is treatable and can be managed so that you can continue enjoying your life. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, you need good information and support.

Here is a guide to the glaucoma treatment options available to help you and give you the tools you need to manage your condition successfully.

Laser Surgery

There are two main types of laser surgery used to treat glaucoma: laser trabeculoplasty and laser peripheral iridotomy.

Laser Trabeculoplasty

Laser Trabeculoplasty is a surgical procedure that uses a laser to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye. It is used to treat open-angle glaucoma, a condition in which the intraocular pressure is too high.

Laser Peripheral Iridotomy

Laser peripheral iridotomy is used to treat closed-angle glaucoma. It involves making a small hole in the iris to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye.

Both types of laser surgery are typically done on an outpatient basis. This means you won’t have to stay in the hospital overnight.

Most people who have laser surgery experience a significant decrease in pressure within 24 hours. However, it may take a few weeks or months for the full effect of the surgery to be seen.

Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery

There are severalĀ eye care treatment options available for glaucoma, including minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). The surgery is less invasive than traditional glaucoma surgery, and it has a lower risk of complications. MIGS can be performed in an outpatient setting, and it does not require a hospital stay.

MIGS is an effective treatment for glaucoma, and it can help to improve the quality of life for patients with the condition. If you have glaucoma, talk to your eye doctor about whether MIGS is right for you.

Drainage Tubes

One of the most common treatment options is to insert drainage tubes. This involves making a small incision in the eye and inserting a tiny tube. The tube helps drain the fluid in the eye, which reduces pressure and helps to prevent further damage to the optic nerve.

The type of tube best for a particular patient will depend on these factors. One of the most important considerations is the size and shape of the eye. Other factors that need to be taken into account include the severity of glaucoma too is the age of the patient, and any other health conditions that may be present.

Trabecular Meshwork Bypass Tube

The most common type of drainage tube is the trabecular meshwork bypass tube, which is inserted into the eye through a small incision in the side of the eyeball. This type of tube is effective in treating both open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma and can be used in patients of all ages.

Ahmed Valve

Another option is the Ahmed valve, which is a more complex device that is inserted into the eye through a larger incision. This type of valve is typically used in cases of advanced glaucoma, or in patients who have had unsuccessful surgery with other types of drainage tubes.

This procedure has a low risk of complications.

Find More Glaucoma Treatment Options

There are plenty of glaucoma treatment options available and it is important to find the one that is right for you. If you are not satisfied with your current treatment, speak to your doctor.

For more eye care-related topics and health content, visit our blog posts.


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